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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 8
First page : ( 2461) Last page : ( 2465)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.02235.6

Lithotriptic Kidney Stones by Shock Waves

Mohammed Eman Ismail*

Pathological Analysis Department, Baquba Technical Institute, Middle Technical University, Iraq

*Corresponding Author: Eman Ismail Mohammed, Pathological Analysis Department, Baquba Technical Institute, Middle Technical University, Iraq Email: ismoheman@gmail.com

Online published on 26 September, 2019.



Lithotriptic technique by shock wave is a common medical method in management of calculi in the kidney. Stones are formed when salts and mineral substances were crystallized in the kidney as an outcome of disturbance in the metabolism. The study objective was to assess lithotripsy technique by shock wave in treatment of kidney stones.


234 patients were recruited randomly at the period from January to December 2018 at lithotripsy unit in Baquba Teaching Hospital. All patients had kidney stones. Their ages ranged from 18–75 years. Patients were treated by shock waves 1100–4000 impulse per minutes.


This study showed that 33% were females (6o% had stones in left kidney, while 40% had stones in right kidney) and 67% were males (69% had stones in left kidney versus 31% who had stones in right kidney), stones size ranged between (7–19) mm. The outcome of treatment by shock waves included: 164 patients had complete breakdown of stones at first session, 43 patients had successful fragmentation of stones at second session and 27 patients had best crushed of stones at third session.


From the obtained outcome in the present study, we concluded that the lithotripsy technique by shock wave was effective and vital procedure for management of kidney stones.



Kidney stones, lithotripsy, shock waves, fragmentation.


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