Policy and determinant analysis in effort to control stunting case in Bengkulu province
The case of stunting in Bengkulu province is ranked sixteen highest in Indonesia. It has increased from 36% in 2007 to 40% in 2013. The purpose of the study is to know the dominant factors that influence the incidence of stunting in Bengkulu Province.
The study design was Cross-sectional with multistage random sampling technique. The total samples analyzed in this study were 739 infants who attained the age of 6–24 months from the 2015 Nutrition Status Monitoring Survey in Bengkulu Province. Data included sex, birth weight, age of weaning, implementation of Early Breastfeeding Initiation, maternal age, maternal education, maternal occupation and Body Mass Index (BMI). The data were collected using questionnaires. Secondary data were analyzed using logistic regression.
The study found 27, 1% stunting stunting and 56% male, normal birth weight 97.2%, age of weeding <2 years counted 64.7%, no early breastfeeding initiation (58, 1%), mother's age ≥ 20 years old 93.2%, low education of mother 47.8%, unemployed mothers 72%, and abnormal BMI of mother 59.4%. Factors associated with the incidence of stunting are maternal work and education. Maternal employment is the dominant factor affecting the incident of stunting in Bengkulu Province. Toddlers with working mothers will be 1.47 times more likely to have stunting compared to toddlers with unemployed mothers.
The socialization of stunting to worker mothers is much needed. The work makes a woman spending more time outdoors so that attention to the child's dietary habit is reduced.
Stunting Determinant, Mother's job, Efforts to prevent stunting.