The effect of physical activity (Endurance and strength) and sleep management on BMI and body fat children overweight in Makassar city
Obesity of school children was 18.8% reached higher than to children under five, recent studies showed that obesity made effect to sleep management. This study aims to at analysis the effect of physical activity and sleep management on BMI for age and body fat percentage in overweight school children in Makassar City. A quasi-experimental design was conducted in two-schools at SDN Kompleks IKIP and IKIP 1 Makassar in January to May 2018. Total 42 samples have been selected purposive. Samples were divided into three groups, sleep management (SM), sleep management combination of physical activity (CP), and control (CT). Each group consists of 14 students. At baseline, there were no significant differences in nutritional intake, BMI, body fat percentage, and sleep quality of the three groups. Overall, after the intervention, BMI for age and body fat percentage no significant difference between groups SM, CP and CT. Significant differences in all groups were control variables, significant sleep quality (p=0.000), protein (p=0.008), fat (p=0.008) and carbohydrate (p=0.000). Furthermore, the analysis of each group there was the tendency of significant differences. The CP group significantly decreased to BMI for age 0.21 SD (p=0.027), fat 8.36% (p = 0.008), carbohydrate 22.29% (p=0.000), and increased to protein-30.50% (p=0.001). There was no effect of sleep management and sleep management combination of physical activity on BMI for age and body fat percentage. However, there was tendency to decreased BMI for age, nutritional intake and improve sleep quality. It takes discipline to the management of sleep and longer intervention period and sustainability.
Physical Activity, Sleep Management, BMI for Age, Body Fat, Overweight.