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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 6
First page : ( 272) Last page : ( 276)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01281.6

A Study Review of the Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring, Documentation, and Reporting at Tertiary Care Multi-Specialty Hospital in South India

Mary T. Martha1,*, Neelakshi G.2, Scott Julius Xavier3, Beula T. G.1, Mary K. P. Sagaya1, Janet A.1

1Staff Nurse, Department of Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai

2Professor, Department of Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai

3Senior Consultants, Medical Oncology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai

*corresponding Author: T. Martha Mary, B. Sc. Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai-600116, India, Email: tmrthmary@gmail.com

Online published on 11 July, 2019.

Abstract

Background

The present study assesses the ADRs monitoring, documentation and reporting at a tertiary care multi-specialty health care in South India.

Method and Material

A non-experimental descriptive study design was used to collect all the necessary and relevant data from patient's case notes, treatment charts, and ADRs notification forms, patient's interview and reporter's interview, who was admitted at the hospital with developed adverse drug reaction after the first dose of any medication administration.

Results

Majority of patients were in the age group of 19–40 years and 17 (33%) patients were 41–60 years of age. Male to female ratio was 0.92: 1. Majority, of patients developed itching, followed by patients with rashes and erythematous purpura. The severity levels of ADR depicts that only 13 (25%) patients had a mild level of severity and 39(75%) patients had a moderate level of severity after measures taken. Appropriate nursing documentation was found for 52(100%) patients.

Conclusion

The study concludes that majority, patients developed itching, rashes, and ciprofloxacin caused allergies 16 times. Documentation was appropriate and maintained related to ADR, but still, need to improve their documentation system. Regular monitoring of ADRs is very essential to avoid unnecessary exposure of patients to drugs.

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Keywords

Adverse drug reaction, monitoring, documentation, and reporting, Tertiary Care Multi-Specialty Hospital, South India.

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