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Journal of Orofacial & Health Sciences
Year : 2015, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : ( 65) Last page : ( 69)
Print ISSN : 0976-5360. Online ISSN : 2229-3264.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2229-3264.2015.00013.1

Denture Stomatitis: A Literature Review

Hasan Shamimul1,*,  Kuldeep2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

2Reader, Department of Prosthodontics, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Center, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, India

*Address for correspondence: Shamimul Hasan Email id: shamim0571@gmail.com

Online published on 23 November, 2015.

Abstract

Denture stomatitis is a denture-associated mucosal condition characterized by inflammation and erythema of the denture-bearing surfaces. The etiology is multifactorial, although, Candida albicans is the commonly associated pathogenic organism. Predisposing factors include poor oral and denture hygiene, ill-fitting dentures, nocturnal denture wearing, allergic reactions to denture base material and underlying systemic conditions. Usually, the patients are asymptomatic, although some patients may complain of burning sensations, bleeding from mucosal surfaces, bad smell and impaired taste sensations. Denture stomatitis can be managed by elimination of predisposing factors, placement of dentures in antiseptic solutions, and the use of antifungal agents. Surgical interventions may be required in severe inflammatory states.

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Keywords

Denture stomatitis, Candidal infections, Antifungal agents, Ill-fitting denture, Chronic atrophic candidiasis, Candida albicans, Papillary hyperemia.

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