Haemato-biochemical and therapeutic studies on acute diarrhoea in equines
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The study was conducted on twelve equines suffering from acute diarrhoea. All animals were dull, depressed and passing watery faeces. Two third of the animals were anorectic and half of them were having reduced intake of water. All cases were negative for parasitic ova or oocyst. Significant decrease (p<0.05) was observed in values of rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rate, Hb, TLC, N percent, AST, ALP, GGT, LDH, BUN, glucose and creatinine while significant increase (p<0.05) was observed in the values of L percent, Na, K, Cl, Ca, Mg, P and total protein after five days of treatment. Bacterial culture revealed E. coli was present in all cases and was most sensitive to antibiotics like Ceftriaxone (100%), Ciprofloxacin (100%), Norfloxacin (100%), Gentamicin (83%) and Amikacin (83%) while it was least sensitive to antibiotics like Cephalexin (33%) and Cefotaxime (33%). Success rate in the therapeutic evaluation was 83 percent.
Acute diarrhea, ceftriaxone, E. coli, equine, fluid therapy.